Russian-born painter, printmaker and designer Marc Chagall was one of the greatest figurative artists of the twentieth century. Chagall's later career is defined by his major public commissions, most notably his monumental stained-glass windows for significant buildings in both Europe and the United States.
'The landscapes, the figures of Cézanne, Manet, Monet, Seurat, Renoir, Van Gogh, Fauvism, and many other things overwhelmed me. These attracted me to Paris like a phenomenon of nature.'
Prolific throughout the twentieth century, Chagall's works portray the world with a dreamlike simplicity and a fusion of fantasy and nostalgia, anchored by an astounding sense of colour and of the atmospheric effects of light. Having started his artistic career in Russia, in 1923 Chagall moved permanently to France where he would mix with leading Fauvist, Cubist and Surrealist artists. As well as painting, in his later years Chagall continued to design for the theatre and in the late 1950s he started working with stained glass, including major commissions in cathedrals throughout Europe and for the United Nations in New York.