Salvador Dalí is one of the most famous artists of the 20th Century; perhaps best known as a leading protagonist of the Surrealist movement in the 1920s and for his extraordinary surreal visual language. Much of Dalí’s oeuvre consists of sculptures, objets d’art and prints.
Following his introduction to the Surrealist group by fellow Spaniard, Joan Miró, Dalí became fascinated by the work of Sigmund Freud and the role of the subconscious, drawing heavily on his own dreams and subconscious thought processes in his work. Famous for the ‘soft watches’ which first appeared in his painting The Persistence of Memory in 1931, Dalí developed an obsession with soft structures in his work and the juxtaposition of hard and soft objects.
Objects, symbols and creatures that carried immense personal significance for Dalí, which he would return to in his work time and time again, included crutches, drawers, elephants, eggs and ants. These images, which related to Dalí’s deepest fears and intimate thoughts, formed his unique visual language, which the artist wove in to his paintings and three dimensional work throughout his career.